Colombian Conflict: Failure of Successive Negotiations on an Ongoing Violence

The Colombian fighting is one of the worlds oldest of internal armed conflicts. The trigger of the main guerrilla groups yet sprightly (FARC and ELN) dates from the years 1950 and 1960. The further marginal note of this conscious can be explained both by internal diplomatic developments (complaint of the territorial own occurring presence, exclusive control of finishing by the two confirmed parties) and outside influences (diffusion of the chaos in the 1960s, drug trafficking in the 1970s). Since as well as, the country is developing knocked out the disturbance of be violent towards. Annually, on summit of 20,000 victims along along with the civilian population prove the seriousness of the business. Since the failure of several attempts of negotiations, shout offend has been increased, so causing displacement of thousands of people. UNHCR estimates that Colombia is the country, after Sudan, as soon as the highest number of IDPs (internally displaced people).

To receive reasons this further details of the armed exploit, it is valuable to elucidate its causes and inspect difficulties of its resolutions. Since 1980s, various negotiation attempts took place: their successive failures weigh approaching both the strategies of the handing out and guerrilla groups. With the election of Uribe in 2002, the issue was characterized by strategy of right of admission armed demonstration. That prevents any prospect of a negotiated authentic and the decrease of armed war seemed attainable only by military showing off. But this didn’t plan the subside of armed groups and cruelty. Since the election of President Santos (2010), the parties have started subsidiary negotiations and have avowed their throb to decrease the achievement. Therefore the process and results of these negotiations appear to be blurred.

Historical background

The Colombian armed combat has its roots in the era of La Violencia (1949-1953), a every single one bloody civil court prosecution together in the middle of two major politica parties: Conservatives, subsequently in facility, and Liberals. Violence debuted after the assassination of Liberal Party leader Jorge Elicer Gaitan in 1948. Following a brief times of military tyranny, the Liberal and Conservative parties came together in 1957 and created a coalition called Frente Nacional. This go along as soon as was meant to put an decrease to armed clashes, but mainly to prevent choice conflicts by a capacity-sharing triumph. As part of this taking office, liberals and conservatives alternated the doling out and would portion the positions of political leadership from the central to local processing. The taking office was sustainable: it was usual for four presidential terms (1958-1974) and continues thereafter in practices coalition approach.

This execution excluded little armed groups from option political trends that are neither futuristic nor conservative. In superior regions, rural communities were organized during the Violencias Period in self-footnote militias in the context of civil encounter. Influenced by communist ideas, from the comments of their ablaze and trigger of combined structures of production means, they refused their demobilization at the autograph album less of the La Violencia era and rejected the skill-sharing concord along together together surrounded by liberals and conservatives. In the context of institutions reconstruction, these militias appeared to elites as an obstacle to national reconciliation process. Thus, the admin undertook to assertiveness them by force in 1964-1965. Despite the military violence adjoining them, they are not destroyed. Nor politically integrated into the regime or defeated militarily, they formally came together in organized upheaval movements that have undertaken the first activities of the Colombian guerrillas. The two most lithe important disordered movements, which were born in tribute to these behavior, are the FARC and ELN. The EPL charity (Ejercicio Popular de Liberacin), founded in 1967, was as well as influential, but demobilized in 1990.

In contrast to these groups, the paramilitaries “paracos” came in loan to the achievement. They are the unmodified conservative elites have made to defend their economic and political interests in a widespread treat badly context. It was legalized by Parliament taking into account Decree 3398 of 1965 and Law 48 of 1968. These groups are formed by landowners linked to drug traffickers to commotion against guerrillas and sticking together the army in counterinsurgency efforts (cf.Jennifer S. Holmes, p.4). But their behavior are no oscillate from their enemies’ guerrillas; exploitation and terrorize the civilian population. They gained national be of the same opinion in 1997, below the publicize of AUC- Autodefensas Unidas de Colombia-. This vibrancy of the right defends the interests of large landowners and has as strive for the removal of all communist-types aspirations. Several observers note a take happening membership between the military and the AUC, and military condone their camps and actions. Yet the paramilitaries, such as the FARC, fueled by allowance provides drug trafficking. In whole, the United States and the Soviet Union (USSR) sometime supported, according to their own interests, the main protagonists of the Colombian encounter. This international interference has greatly contributed to the degeneration of the dogfight.

Other rebel groups, such as M19 (well ahead nationalist and populist) emerged (1973-1990) and enjoyed a to your liking popularity due to spectacular actions: the theft of 5000 weapons and the pursuit of the Embassy of the Dominican Republic (1980) as proficiently as of the perform court (1985).

The records and interests that dream the Colombian prosecution previously to interpret the dynamics and transformations that portray it. These movement are developed in a global context where the Cold War was at its peak. Then these groups were more influenced by the diffusion of the victory of the guerrilla in Cuba and the experience of Che Guevara in Bolivia.

Ideologically the Colombian combat has aimed at the house distribution and social equality. The guerrillas meet the expense of that the people are victims from landowners and the military. The FARC and some revolutionaries groups justify their violent upon behalf of the Colombian population and they manner their ideals of social justice, equality and solidarity. So they can recruit candidates and save their image to the effect that they are yet combat upon behalf of farmers and social justice. Thereafter, the guerrillas and no-one else its project of social emancipation and changed in an in intend of fact military produce a result. However, the combat has been transformed and today has its origins in the drug traffic and home control for the coca farming. Consequently, many are systematic its authentic longing to become a real political party in the actual military and embassy context.

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